Kerala Agricultural College (KAU) has taken up endeavours to convey back again the misplaced glory of Muthalamada mangoes, the 1st mango fruit of the season to hit the Indian domestic market place.
Muthalamada ― a broad tract of mango orchards masking an location of a lot more than 3,000 acres ― is an perfect spot in Palakkad for mango cultivation mainly because of its distinctive climatic conditions. The most important function of mango production in this article is its early arrival it is the 1st fruit of the season in the nation. Flowering commences by November-December and harvesting by March-April, aiding the growers get highest rates for the fruit. The fruit enjoys significant need across the nation, with about 90 for each cent of the 20,000 tonnes of production currently being marketed in the markets of Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Indore and Chennai.
As several as 24 mango varieties such as Sindooram, Bengarampally, Appoos, Neelam, Moovandan, and Mallika are grown in the orchards of Muthalamada.
Nonetheless, indiscriminate use of pesticides by traders who have taken orchards on lease has established a mess in the full mango ecosystem. Farmers are reluctant to acquire expert advice, irrespective of the outreach endeavours of KAU’s experts who aim to reduce the pesticide load, P Indira Devi, Research Head, KAU, informed BusinessLine.
The College, alongside with the State Agriculture Section, has initiated a program of sustainable administration of mango orchards. This is currently being completed by means of a schooling programme for farmers to undertake eco-pleasant and sustainable administration of pests, utilizing a blend of biological approaches and substances. This is in the history of experiences of banned substances currently being utilized for ripening the fruit. Via this initiative, farmers are envisioned to undertake harmless and environment-pleasant methods. This requires scientific intervention and demanding monitoring, Indira Devi additional.
She pointed out that weather modify, alongside with the resurgence of insect pests, has established a disorder in the Muthalamada location in the past two years. The extended rainfall up to December has also led to delayed and staggered flowering. The late flowering coincided with heavy infestation of the inflorescence of thrips (a sort of insect) ensuing in massive crop reduction, forcing farmers to frequently use pesticide sprays. Thus, the pesticide load in the ecosystem was upsetting the all-natural stability, top to the outbreak of thrips.
With consecutive crop reduction in the past two years, she claimed, farmers arrived forward to undertake a sustainable pest administration technique suggested by the KAU experts. The College has carried out demonstrations of a bio-intense technique among the farmers for the duration of the mango season of 2019-20.
State Agriculture Minister VS Sunil Kumar performed a significant-stage conference to acquire up sustainable administration of mango orchards with the echnological assist of KAU. He asked the agriculture department to organise a collection of schooling programmes to teach farmers about sustainable administration methods.